||Mining Institute After D. A. Kunaev
||Rich fields of mineral resources of the Central Kazakhstan attracted human attention back in ancient times and became the object of mining since the time when people learnt how to smelt the first metal – copper. Information about the existence of center of metallurgy and mining in the Central and North-Eastern Kazakhstan was found in the notes of scientists-geologists and mining engineers who did systematic research in the steppe of Saryarka in the XIX century. Starting from 1824 unlimited access to the ancient ore pits was open and with the help of Kazakh ore experts mining manufacturers and traders found enormous number of gold fields, copper, tin and lead fields and everything at the places of ancient mines.
During the Great Patriotic War mining companies of Kazakhstan became powerful source of minerals for production of ferrous, nonferrous and rare metals, coal and chemical resources. With the purpose of acceleration of mining of mineral resources, reconstruction of the mining industry of the republic for war needs and practical assistance to mining companies, on the initiative of the member of Academy K. I. Satpaev by the Decree of the Presidium of Kazakh branch of the Academy of Science of USSR № 4 of 21.02.1943 as a part of the Institute of geological sciences of KFAN “Mining Sector” was created. In 1945 in conformity with the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of KazSSR of 6 December 1944 № 689 «Mining Sector» of the Institute geological sciences of KFAN USSR was transformed into the Mining Institute of Kazakh branch of AS USSR.
The leaders of the Institute and organizers of the scientific activity during the years 1945 - 2001 were: candidate of the technical sciences I. Z. Lysenko, corresponding member of AS KazSSR A. Ch. Musin, prof., doctor of technical sciences A. M. Sirazutdinov, doctor of technical sciences, prof. I. Z. Lysenko, candidate of the technical sciences V.G. Bereza, corresponding member of NAS RK Sh. A.-G. Bolgozhin, corresponding member of NAS RK Ye. I. Rogov, doctor of technical sciences, prof. M. Zh. Bitimbaev.
Since 2001 the director of the Institute is the doctor of technical sciences, prof. Galiev Seitgali Joldasovich, current full member of the Academy of Mineral Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the member of the International Academy of Information (IAI).
The Mining Institute after D. A. Kunaev is one of the largest scientific and research centers of Kazakhstan and Central Asia taking care for scientific and technical provision of mining production. Personnel are trained by means of magistracy, post-graduate study, doctor’s degree and competition.
Since August 1993 as a branch enterprise the Institute is a part of the RSE “National Center for Integrated Mineral Recycling of the Republic of Kazakhstan” of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Institute comprises of 6 scientific departments and 16 scientific laboratories, 5 specialized departments: RD department, patent and information department, training and methodical department, department of automation of scientific and technical works, catering; library, museum.
The Institute has available well-equipped halls for conduction of scientific seminars, conferences and other activities as well as training rooms. There are sport and sanitary facilities, medical room, fleet of equipment and canteen.
The main scientific directions of the Institute:
- Development of effective and environmentally friendly and safe technologies for development of natural and man-caused mineral deposits;
- Forecast and management of geomechanical processes at the underground ore mining;
- Development of the automated management systems of technological processes at the open mines, planning and designing of mining;
- Mechanization underground and open mine works at the development of natural and man-caused resources;
- Integrated development of minerals and secondary resources;
- RD activity;
- Consulting services in the field of mining law, economy of mining production, geoecology and geotechnology, drilling and blasting operations and creation of explosives, mining safety;
- Training of the experts of the highest qualification in the field of mining production.
Licenses of the Institute:
- For post-graduate professional education: Doctor’s degree by specialties: «Geotechnology» (underground, open and construction) and «Geomechanics, rock failure under explosion, mine aerogasdynamics and mine thermal physics»; Post-graduate study (day and correspondence training) by specialties: «Geotechnology» (underground, open and construction) and «Geomechanics, rock failure under explosion, mine aerogasdynamics and mine thermal physics», «Labor protection», «Mining vehicles», «Geoinformation science»;Magistracy by specialties: «Mining» and «Technological vehicles and equipment».
- For designing of mining productions;
- For environmental design and regulation.
Scientific and Organizational Activity
The Institute is the leading organization for implementation of the republican target scientific and technical as well as the state fundamental scientific and research programs in the field of mining; is the general designer of a number of large mining companies of Kazakhstan.
In the Institute works the Academic Council which is the highest collective authority of the institute that jointly with the board of directors determines the strategy, objectives and tasks of the Institute’s development, plans its operation for the current year and for the future. The membership of the Academic Council is confirmed by the authorized body – NC IMR RK. The Academic Council has two sections.
The Thesis Council is available at the Institute for defense of candidate’s and doctor’s theses for 5 specialties: “Geotechnology” “Geomechanics, destruction of rocks with explosion, mine aerogasdynamics and mine thermal physics”, “Labor protection”, “Geoecology” and “Geoinformation science”.
During the period since 1971 through 2009 in the Institute 51 doctoral theses were defended, including 39 these defended by the employees of the Institute, 327 candidate’s theses including 210 – by the employees of the Institute.
For more than 50 years the Institute issues proceedings “Scientific and Technical Provision of Mining Production”, which form a part of the scientific issues recommended for publication of the main results of the doctoral theses.
During the years, 8 employees of the Institute were elected to be the corresponding members and 3 as full members of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
At present time the qualification level of the Institute is determined by: 1 member of the Academy, 2 members of the Academy of Mineral Resources, 1 full member of the International Academy of Information, 1 corresponding member of the Academy of Mineral Resources, 25 doctors (out of which 16 are professors) and 30 candidates of sciences, experienced designers in the field of the underground and open mining. The total number of the Institute’s employees is 250.
Since the date of its foundation, the Institute paid much attention to the newness of developments, it has 958 author's certificates, 33 Russian patents, 11 patents and 2 innovation patents of Kazakhstan, 11 intellectual property certificates.
The majority of the Institute’s developments were done in close cooperation with the employees of production, scientific and research as well as research and development and engineering institutes. Therefore the large part of the works of MI was successfully used and implemented in production in the form of finished machines and mechanisms, technical projects, process regulations, standard documents, methods and methodical instruction with significant economic effect.
Acknowledgement of the contribution of the Institute’s scientists in the development of the mining and mining science is the fact that many of them were awarded with the title of the winner of Lenin’s prize - candidate of the technical sciences Bereza V.G., doctor of the technical Musin A.Ch., candidate of the technical Djakupbaev A.N. (1961, System of forced block caving); State premium of USSR – doctor of the technical sciences Sharipov V.Sh. (1971, Technology of mining of mineral resources with the application of self-propelled equipment); Premiums of the Council of Ministers of KazSSR – doctor of the technical sciences Bolgojin Sh.A.-G., candidate of the technical sciences Klinovickii F.I. (1986, Development and implementation of mining methods of methane at the coal mines of Karaganda basin); Isakov V.A., Cunvaza H.Yu., Basibekov B.S., Shestoperov Ya.V., Prokushev G.A., Haliullin N.S. (1989, Development and implementation of the system of sublevel caving with flexible metal and wood-cable covering and application of self-propelled equipment in the condition of Leninabad, Celinnyi mining and chemical plants, Belogorskiy ore mining and processing enterprise and Bakyrchikskiy ore pit); premiums of the Cabinet Council KazSSR - Aldambergenov U.A., Satybaldin O.B., Kalmykov S.I. i Ahmet-Galiev E.S. (1991, Development, implementation of ore mining technology with backfilling and preliminary strengthening of adjoining rocks ensuring mining safety and completeness of reserves extraction); Altaev Sh.A., Jalgasuly N., Spataev A.N., Kadyrsizov N. (1991. Development of polymer compositions, means, technologies ensuring the enhancement of labor productivity and safety and reduction of the cost of the product). The method of observation of rock movement at the development of the flat strata with the help of radioactive isotopes developed by the corresponding member of AS KazSSR J. M. Kanlybaeva is a large scientific discovery and was acknowledged not only in the Soviet Union but also abroad.
The first winner of the premium after K. I. Satpaev became the head of the laboratory of mining pressure, candidate of the technical sciences Nugmanov K. H. (1989, cycle of works “Integrated Study and Development of Mineral Resources of Jezkazgan Ore Region”).
During various years the premiums after K. I. Satpaev were given to: doctor of the technical sciences Kaliev S. A., Borschagovskii A.I., 1999; the member of the National Academy of Sciences RK Rogov E. I., 1993; doctors of the technical sciences Bukeihanov D. G., Ermekov T. M., Petrovich S. I., 1996; doctor of the technical sciences Galiev S. J., doctor of the technical sciences Buktukov N. S., candidate of the technical sciences Ahmedov D. Sh., 2003.
The member of the Academy U. Djoldasbekov was awarded with the premium and gold medal, and in 2005, doctor of the technical sciences Bektybaev A. D. In 2008, according to the results of the competition “Development of the Theoretical Basis of the Methods of Control of Completeness and Efficiency of Extraction of Mineral Resources At the Operation of Ore Fields” he gained the premium and the medal of the Union of Scientists of Kazakhstan.
The Academy of Mineral Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the work “Development of Methodological Provision of Geomechanics and Geoinformation Technologies in the Field of Mining” awarded the winners of the premium after the member of Academy Sh. E. Esenov of the year 2007 doctors of the technical sciences Galiev S. J, Nurpeisova M. B. i Chabdarova Yu. I.
In various years 8 young employees were rewarded with the premium after D. A. Kunaev.
The Institute successfully continues the studies in the field of investigation of economical drives, experimental samples of mining machines with the electric drive for extraction of solid ores were created: electromagnetic machine of percussion action, conveyor train, electromagnetic perforator (doctor of the technical sciences Edygenov E. K.), the whole range of new electric mining machines for drilling, breaking, loading, transportation of rock mass and backfilling of open area was developed: blasting and charging set, robotized mining set (doctor of the technical sciences Tkachenko A.M.), work on the creation of effective production of industrial explosives made of non-explosive components is in progress (doctor of the technical sciences Tambiev G.I.), software for calculation of air distribution in ventilation networks of the shafts and ore mines was created that ensures the objective analysis of the condition of aeration at any changes of technology of development of the field (candidate of the technical sciences Stahanov A.N.), scientific and technical basis for progressive and low-operational technology of formation of coal quality were developed (doctor of technical sciences Buktukov N.S.), theoretical basis and principles of automated control and planning of mining and transport operations at the open mines were developed, the concept of development of the Automated system of control of geotechnological complex at the open mines «Djetygara» was developed (doctor of the technical sciences Galiev S.J.), intensively goes on the studies on reduction of environmental risk at the mining and processing of natural and secondary resources, on mining safety (doctor of the technical sciences Jalgasuly N.).
During the last years a number of employees was awarded with the governmental and departmental rewards: title of honor «Kazakhstannyn enbek sinirgen kayratkeri» (doctor of the technical sciences A. M. Tkachenko), order «Kurmet» (the member of Academy Sh. A. Altaev), medal «Eren enbegi ushin» (doctor of the technical sciences G.A. Prokushev), Diploma of the Republic of Kazakhstan – 4, «Honored employee of education of the Republic of Kazakhstan» - 1, breastplates of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce RK «Kenshi danki» - 19, the Ministry of Education and Science RK “For achievements in development of science of the Republic of Kazakhstan” - 4 employees.
At present time the Institute maintains creative cooperation with «Corporation «Kazahmys» Ltd., JSC «SSGPO», «Donsk ore mining and processing enterprise”, «Jezkent ore mining and processing enterprise”, JSC «Kazzinc», JSC «Kostanai minerals», NAC «Kazatomprom», ENRC, TNC «Kazchrome», as well as with IPKON RAN, MSMU, MI after A.A. Skochinskiy, MI UrO RAS, MI SO RAS, MI DVO RAS, «JezkazganNIPIcvetmet», KazNTU after K.I. Satpaev, KarGTU, VNIIcvetmet, HMI after J. Abishev, Kazmehanobr, PC «IPKON» and others.
Creative cooperation was established with foreign partners: Paris Mining School, Mongolian University of Science and Technologies, Engineering School of Tokyo University, Industrial Institute of Electronics (Warsaw), World Mining Congress, Engineering School Laurentian University (Canada) and others. The Institute actively popularizes its activity by publishing its proceedings in well-known publications, participating in the exhibitions of scientific and technical achievements, reporting at the international conferences: in Wroclaw, Teheran, Bangkok, Krakow, Peking, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Alushta, Ekaterinburg, Bishkek, Tashkent and others.
During the last 5 years the Institute has organized 6 International scientific and practical conferences including 4 conferences which were held on the basis of the large mining companies: JSC «Kostanai minerals», (Jitikara, 2003, 2005), JSC «SSGPO», (Rudnyi, 2004), JSC TNC «Kazchrome», (Hromtau, 2007). Specialists from Russia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, India and Poland took part in the conference.
The Institute has established cooperation with MES RK, MIC RK, MEMR RK, MEP RK, the Ministry of Emergency Situations RK, Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Statistics, strengthens creative cooperation with NAS RK, National Engineer Academy, AMR RK, IAI, JSC “Center of Sciences about the Earth, Metallurgy and Concentration”, JSC “NC NTI RK”. In 2008, the Institute was admitted to the Republican Association of mining and metallurgical companies (AMMC).
The policy directed at the rejuvenation and enhancement of the professional level of employees is being successfully realized; effective measures for attraction and support of young specialists are realized (loans for acquisition of housing, organization of competitions among young scientists fоr the best report, payment for participation in the international conferences, organization of annual scholarships after the member of the Academy of Sciences KazSSR О.А. Baikonurov, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences KazSSR J.M. Kanlybaeva, and others).
At present time scientists and specialists of almost all directions of mining field are working in the Institute; they are able to carry out researches at the world level and to solve problems set by the State Program of Industrial and innovative Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan and set for the mining branch.
Address: the Republic of Kazakhstan, 050046, Almaty, av. Abay, 191. MI after D.A. Kunaev
Tel.: +7 (327) 376 53 00;
Fax: +7 (327) 376 52 97;
E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com;
Web-site: www.igd.kz, www.mining.kz